When thinking of the IT industry, the first thought that occurs is web development. But what exactly is web development?
Is it only the designing of a website? Or just the functioning of a website? Well, it is a mix of both.
However, what many might not know is that this work is the responsibility of two different teams- the frontend and the backend.
Now, it is understandable that you might think- what is the difference between a frontend and a backend development? What is the role of a frontend and a backend developer?
Let us begin with it!
What is Frontend Development?
The term frontend web development connects to user interaction. The basic task is to ease the interaction and navigation of the website or mobile application.
In simpler words, it is the coding and creation of the website that users see.
Frontend web development consists of the visual aspects of the website. The color scheme, layouts, and fonts of the website ought to be visually appealing.
A front-end web developer designs the website to make it more user-friendly. They ensure that the website is running smoothly.
They need to tick mark the fact that the website is successfully working on all devices. One way to do so is to use responsive web design.
A front-end web developer designs the basic elements of the website. This includes buttons, layouts, drop-down menus, graphics, animations, and even content organization.
Some of the Basic Frontend Languages
The foremost skill for a web developer is to know the languages and frameworks.
Although the frontend developers are responsible for the appealing visuals of the website. They do use some coding to create that effect.
HTML is a hypertext markup language. Hypertext refers to the link between two pages.
For instance, if a user clicks on the “about us” page of a website, the person will be navigated to another page on the website. This is possible via using hyperlinks.
The markup language defines the text documentation. On the website, some text appears big while some have different fonts.
In HTML the tags allow the developers to change the color, font, and size of the text.
CSS refers to cascading style sheets. It is chiefly used to provide the visual appearance of a website.
This includes the layouts, fonts, and color schemes of the website.
CSS accompanies HTML and thus is the preferred choice of front-end developers.
It is used for the functioning of drop-down menus, contact forms, and adding products to the cart.
Role of a Frontend Developer
A front-end developer has a huge responsibility in the smooth and efficient running of a website.
Besides, a front-end developer is liable for many other responsibilities.
- Optimizing user experience
- Creating an interactive user interface
- A maintained software workflow
- Implementing SEO best practices
- Fixing bugs and testing for usability
- Improving site interaction for all the devices
- Renewing the graphics of the previous websites to make them more interactive
- Maintaining brand consistency
- Ensuring optimum speed of the website and the internal links
- Providing quality prototypes
- Preparing mockups for client approval
- Implement the trending technologies on the website
Common Tools in Frontend Development
A front-end developer uses different tools depending upon the knowledge and versatility of each tool.
However, these tools are broadly divided into two categories.
- Graphic Design Tools
A front-end developer uses graphic design tools to develop the prototype of the website. The tools help in building an attractive website layout.
The tools allow a free space for front-end developers to show their creativity. They can experiment with the elements and the ideas before implementing them.
Some of the editing tools include Adobe Photoshop, illustrator, and sketch. The other tools for developing prototypes are Balsamiq Mockups and Figma.
- Code Editing Tools
After developing the prototype, the main work is to make it work. A code is developed for that.
The code editing tools are used to write and edit codes before implementation. Some front-end developers use notepad or TextEdit.
WordPress is the most trending option. It has a built-in code editor that directly edits the code of a page or website.
An integrated development environment is used for an advanced coding experience.
What is Backend Development?
Backend is ‘what goes on behind the websites’. Just like in the movies, the director and the crew are not visible on the screen. Yet they play a crucial role in the making of the movie.
The backend can be referred to as the server side of the website. It focuses on technical skills rather than visuals.
Backend development is crucial for storing and organizing user data. It is easier to change the context of the website based on the database.
Any interaction with the website sends a message to the backend. This further is sent to the front-end and the action happens.
Some Basic Backend Development Languages
The backend languages help to create the internal system of the web applications.
- C or C++
It is the most basic and predominantly existing backend language. It is any beginner’s first choice.
It connects the client interactions with the server interactions. It is highly used because of its versatility and stability. It generates error-free commands.
Java stores large amounts of user data without compromising the speed. Consequently, it is considered to build large and dependable websites.
It offers high security with the availability to perform on different platforms.
Further, Java has a huge online resource for the basic codes, making the process quick and easy.
PHP is a scripting language. It is quick because it does not go through the process of compilation.
The code directly goes to the interpreter which converts it into machine-readable code.
PHP also offers deployment tools. The deployment tools make the deploying, submitting, and confirming of the code easy.
Role of a Backend Developer
A frontend developer would not be able to maintain an efficient working website if the backend development has bugs.
A backend developer needs to:
- Use tools, frameworks, and languages to build and maintain websites
- Use user-friendly prototype
- Generate easy and error-free codes
- Optimize the user experience after testing the website
- Ensure quick browsing on each device
- Communicate with the project managers
- Troubleshoot and resolve any bugs
Common Tools for Backend Development
Docker is a microservice platform. The easy-to-use packaging and deployment make it the prime choice for backend development.
Further, it provides a formidable environment of cloud service, registry service, and native clustering.
This web server technology is a free and open-source platform. More than half of the web industry uses it.
Apache is modifiable according to user preferences. It is further highly compatible with operating systems like Linux, macOS, and Windows.
MongoDB stores data in JSON-like documents. It bestows powerful ways to analyze data with Ad Hoc queries, indexing, and real-time aggregation.
It provides better data recovery with high security. It is one of the prime choices because it is compatible with other programming languages.
There is a thick line between the role of a front-end and a back-end developer.
The front-end developer handles the user side of the website. On the contrary, the backend developer is accountable for the behind-the-scenes.
Knowing the other is beneficial for both developers. This would make the communication between the two better.
Thus, making the user experience better.